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Abstract & Publication

Francesco Tronci



Harambe: Mobilizing Capital in Africa 

Entrepreneurial ecosystem in Africa


Sikochi, Anywhere (Siko), Dilyana Karadzhova Botha, and Francesco Tronci. "Harambe: Mobilizing Capital in Africa." Harvard Business School Case 122-021, September 2021.

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Publication (in PDF)


Harambe  was a non-profit organization whose mission was to build an ecosystem  to identify promising young African entrepreneurs and provide them  access to training, markets, capital, and support networks. 

From 2007 to  2021, Harambe had grown to a network of 367 entrepreneurs, known as  “Harambeans”. They had collectively raised over $800 million in capital,  created more than 3,500 jobs, and claimed three of the six African  startup unicorns in 2021. 

There was mounting pressure for Harambe to  evolve to take advantage of its momentum, the changing entrepreneurship  landscape in Africa, and increasing investor interest. 

Given this,  Okendo Lewis-Gayle, founder and chairman, pondered the next steps for Harambe to maximize its impact in Africa. He considered three options:  scale the current non-profit model, pivot to a for-profit venture  capital model, or develop a hybrid model with a non-profit and a  for-profit investment arm. 

Another important question was, “How should  Harambe define impact?”

To view:

Publication (in PDF)


Currently  Senior Vice President at Investindustrial (a leading ESG-responsible  private equity group with over €10bn of raised fund capital) and serves  on the board of multiple international companies.

Member of the Taylor Institute Advisory Board

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